A Baseline Study for Residential Energy Consumption Using Socioeconomic and Physical Building Attributes: A Case of Jaipur

Bibhu Kalyan Nayak

Manipal University Jaipur, Jaipur, India Malaviya National Institute of Technology, Jaipur, India

Jyotirmay Mathur

Malaviya National Institute of Technology, Jaipur, India
Corresponding Author: jmathur.mech@mnit.ac.in

Tarush Chandra

Malaviya National Institute of Technology, Jaipur, India

Sunil Kumar Sansaniwal

Malaviya National Institute of Technology, Jaipur, India

Vishal Garg

Plaksha University; Mohali, India

Rajat Gupta

Oxford Brookes University, Oxford, UK

Cite this article

Nayak, B. K., Mathur, J., Chandra, T., Sansaniwal, S. K., Garg, V., Gupta, R. (2024). A Baseline Study for Residential Energy Consumption Using Socioeconomic and Physical Building Attributes: A Case of Jaipur. In Proceedings of Energise 2023- Lifestyle, Energy Efficiency, and Climate Action, pp 30–37, Alliance for an Energy Efficient Economy. https://doi.org/10.62576/NDRP3861


  • Identification of critical parameters influencing energy consumption in Indian homes, finding the correlation of selected parameters with energy consumption and EPI
  • This study provides insight into energy consumption behaviour at the end-user level.


Indian residential energy consumption increased nearly 50 times its levels in 1971. Studies have reported a wide variation between the statistically projected and actual energy consumption values in residential buildings. Access to reliable energy consumption data is limited in Indian cities. This study aims to use primary datasets to develop a baseline for residential energy consumption in India. Its first objective is to understand the prevailing practices adopted in residential energy studies. The second is to understand the contributions of socioeconomic factors to it. This research analyses 2327 primary survey samples from Jaipur. The dataset was analyzed using the multivariate statistical technique. The results highlighted the uptake in appliance ownership and its implications on energy consumption across income groups. The study has also compared the relevance of EPI (annual consumption/total area) and annual energy consumption as indicators in the building benchmarking process for Indian homes.


Baseline Study, Residential Energy Consumption, Socioeconomic Factors


  1. N. Kohler, P. Steadman and U. Hassler, “Research on the building stock and its applications,” Building Research and Information, vol. 37, no. 5, pp. 449-454, 2009. https://doi.org/10.1080/09613210903189384
  2. S. Evans, R. Liddiard and P. Steadman, “3DStock: A new kind of three-dimensional model of the building stock of England and Wales, for use in energy analysis,” Environment and Planning B: Urban Analytics and City Science, pp. 227-255, 2016. https://doi.org/10.1177/0265813516652898
  3. T. Spencer, R. Pachouri, G. Renjith and S. Vohra, “Coal Transition in India,” TERI Publication, New Delhi, 2018.
  4. A. L. Pisello, V. L. Castaldo, T. Poli and F. Cotana, “Simulating the Thermal-Energy Performance of Buildings at the Urban Scale: Evaluation of Inter-Building Effects in Different Urban Configurations,” Journal of Urban Technology, vol. 21, no. 1, pp. 3-20, 2014. https://doi.org/10.1080/10630732.2014.884386
  5. E. Mata, A. S. Kalagasidis and F. Johnsson, “Building-stock aggregation through archetype buildings: France, Germany, Spain and the UK,” Building and Environment, pp. 270-282, 2014. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.buildenv.2014.06.013
  6. M. Deru, K. Field, D. Studer, K. Benne, B. Griffith, P. Torcellini, B. Liu, M. Halverson, D. Winiarski, M. Rosenberg, M. Yazdanian, J. Huang and D. Crawley, “U.S. Department of Energy Commercial Reference Building Models of the National Building Stock,” National Renewable Energy Laboratory [NREL], Golden, Colorado, 2011. https://doi.org/10.2172/1009264
  7. A. Boegle, D. Singh and G. Sant, “Energy Saving Potential in Indian Households from Improved Appliance Efficiency,” Prayas [Energy Group], Pune, 2010.
  8. World Bank, “Residential Consumption of Electricity in India, Documentation of Data and Methodology,” World Bank, Washinton DC, 2008.
  9. NITI Aayog, “India Energy Security Scenarios, 2047 User Guide: Residential Lighting and Appliances.,” NITI Aayog, New Delhi, 2016.
  10. A. Chunekar and A. Sreenivas, “Towards an understanding of residential electricity consumption in India,” Building Research & Information, vol. 47, no. 1, pp. 75-90, 2019. https://doi.org/10.1080/09613218.2018.1489476
  11. S. Pachauri, “An Overview of Energy Consumption in India.,” in An Energy Analysis of Household Consumption., vol. 13, Dordrecht, Springer, 2007, pp. 13-38.