Analysis of Hydrogen Delivery Costs:PEM Electrolysis as a Case Study for India

Sukriti Sharma

Indian Institute of Technology Ropar, Rupnagar,
India, 140001
Corresponding Author:

Bhawna Chauhan

Indian Institute of Technology Ropar, Rupnagar,
 India, 140001

Asad Sahir

Indian Institute of Technology Ropar, Rupnagar,
India, 140001

Cite this article

Sharma, S., Chauhan, B., Sahir, A. (2024). Analysis of Hydrogen Delivery Costs: PEM Electrolysis as a Case Study for India. In Proceedings of Energise 2023- Lifestyle, Energy Efficiency, and Climate Action, pp 245–252, Alliance for an Energy Efficient Economy.


  • This study showcases the significance of publicly available US Department of Energy Models for hydrogen production and analysis for India.
  • H2A ( Hydrogen Analysis Model) shows that the production cost of hydrogen by PEM Electrolysis is INR 439.44 ($5.31) per kg.
  • HDSAM (Hydrogen Delivery Scenario Analysis Model) for New Delhi, India, as an example, is valuable for analyzing delivery costs by pipeline and tube trailers
  • HDSAM Models give a perspective on delivery costs ranging from $ 5-10 per kg at higher market penetration and higher dispensing rate of hydrogen, which merits an understanding in the Indian context


In its aspirations to achieve net zero goals by 2070, India is considering multiple renewable energy options. With the expectation of replacing fossil fuel-based feedstocks, hydrogen is being seen as a potential option for the transportation industry [1]. Replacing a fuel distribution infrastructure based on fossil fuel-based feedstocks to address a futuristic emerging option like hydrogen will receive an impetus if challenges on its introduction in an urban setting are duly identified through a combination of first principles engineering optimization base analyses and techno-economic analysis. Our work utilizes the H2A (Hydrogen Analysis Model) and HDSAM (Hydrogen Delivery Scenario Analysis Model) Model developed by the US Department of Energy (US-DOE) for modeling the cost of delivering hydrogen from a central production facility into a vehicle. The delivery infrastructure deploys all transport, storage, and conditioning activities from the outlet of the hydrogen production plant to the fueling station.


Hydrogen, Renewable Energy, Urban Planning, Techno-Economic Analysis, Optimization


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