Evaluation of Thermal Performance of Agro-waste Material for Team SHUNYA Building

Prabhat Sharma

Indian Institute of Technology Bombay, Mumbai, India
Corresponding Author: 19i170005@iitb.ac.in

Priyanka Kumawat

National Institute of Technology, Jaipur, India

Anupama Kowli

Indian Institute of Technology Bombay, Mumbai, India

Cite this article

Sharma, P., Kumawat, P., Kowli, A. (2024). Evaluation of Thermal Performance of Agro-waste Material for Team SHUNYA Building. In Proceedings of Energise 2023- Lifestyle, Energy Efficiency, and Climate Action, pp 146–152, Alliance for an Energy Efficient Economy. https://doi.org/10.62576/JEIP9144


  • Thermal performance of wall panels made up of bagasse was analyzed.
  • Lower thermal conductivity compared with the traditional brick.
  • 28 % decrease in the thermal cooling load of the house.
  • A 16.4 % increase in the thermal comfort hours is obtained.


Using brick-concrete for building envelope is a common practice in India. These envelopes have high heat gains and experience large embodied energy. Agro-waste panels made up of sugarcane waste can significantly reduce cooling load for new construction due to its better u-value and also reduce carbon emission since it is produced from sugarcane waste, i.e., bagasse. A double storey naturally ventilated building has been simulated for Mumbai climatic conditions to understand the performance of agro-waste materials. The total cooling load and temperature profile for a year have been simulated using EnergyPlus software. Thermal comfort hours are calculated using the India model for adaptive comfort (IMAC) band to show the potential of the agro-based panel. The thermal cooling load of the simulated building incorporated with an agro-waste panel decreased by 28 % as compared to the brick-concrete envelope. There is a 16.4 % increase in annual thermal comfort hours compared to brick-concrete envelope. 


IMAC Band, Thermal Cooling Load, Agro-Waste Material, EnergyPlus


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